Extinct Animals List

Know about the immense loss that Nature had to incur! Learn about some of the most amazing animals which vanished in the doom of extinction, from this article on the extinct animals list.
"Tigers are not game and trees are not a source of fuel. The job that animals and plants perform in nature, is one of the many things which help us humans live our lives in comfort!"

I find no pleasure in conveying this information about the animals which have once trod upon this earth, but now are nowhere to make us feel that they exist. This is a discussion of the creatures which have faced the demolition of the last individual of their species, branding them as extinct animals. Factors which are known to have caused this disaster include limited geographic range, genetic pollution, habitat loss, reckless hunting, extinction of other dependable species and global warming to name the common ones.

Animals that Got Extinct in the Last 10 years

The Golden Toad
The golden toad, known scientifically as Bufo periglenesm, is also attributed as Monteverde golden toad or the Monte Verde toad, Alajuela toad and orange toad. This bright, small, shiny toad existed in tropical forests which lay above the city of Monteverde, Costa Rica. According to extensive research of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), not a single species of this toad is known to have been spotted anywhere in the world. In the year 2004, the golden toad was thus, declared extinct. Reasons for its demise were determined to be airborne pollution, habitat loss and global warming.

Po'o-uli
Coming next in the list of extinct animals, not more than 6 years from now, was the Po'o-uli, Melamposops phaeosoma. Also known as the Black-faced Honeycreeper, this bird was known to be native to Hawaii. Its discovery was made in the year 1973 on the island of Maui and after a period of 26 years, it was reported that only three individuals of this species were known to exist. One of these three, know to be a male, was brought in captivity, in order to breed the bird. However, no mate could be traced for the male, before it demised in the year 2004. As the probability to locate the other individuals and to breed them in captivity (considering their low fertility and sex) is extremely low, the current population in the wild is considered to be zero. All these factors have made them to be declared functionally extinct in 2004.

Pyrenean Ibex
The Pyrenean Ibex existed, which I remember I knew until the year 2000, now is in the list of extinct animals. Scientifically known as Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica, this animal was known to be one of the four subspecies of the Spanish Ibex. In January 2000, the Pyrean Ibex marked the extinction of its species with its demise. The other subspecies which still survive are considered at the verge of extinction or 'Near Threatened'.

Hawaiian Crow
Declared as an extinct species in the wild, the last two individuals of the Hawaiian crow were known to disappear in 2002. The Hawaiian crow, Corvus hawaiiensis, before its extinction, was found only in the western and southeastern parts of the island of Hawaii. It is known that there are about 56 individuals in captive breeding facilities.

Spix's Macaw
Another one in this list is the Spix's Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii). A native to Brazil, its last known species disappeared by the end of 2000. Trapping for trade and habitat loss are the main reason which caused the species of this bird to dwindle down to nothing. Even if there is any population of the Spix's Macaw, it is most likely to be a petite one and thus, according to the IUCN database, it is treated as extinct in the wild.

So this was a brief data about the unfortunate and sad demise of some of the most splendid creatures of the Earth, which were breathing a few years back from now. The list below is a presentation of the animals which faced complete 'wipe off' from the face of the Earth; some a few years ago and some more than 100 years ago. Some of the animals which have been declared extinct are according to geographical regions.

Extinct Animals
Aurochs
Arabian Gazelle
Big-eared Hopping Mous
Bulldog Rat
Panay Giant Fruit Bat
Dusky Flying Fox
Elephant Bird
Upland Moa
King Island Emu
Korean Crested Shelduck
Mauritian Shelduck
Amsterdam Island Duck
Mauritian Duck
Javanese LapwingEskimo Curle
Great Auk
Passenger Pigeon
Bonin Woodpigeon
Liverpool Pigeon
Sulu Bleeding-heart
Thick-billed Ground-Dove
Negros Fruit-Dove
Dodo
New Zealand Greater Short-tailed Bat
Marcano's Solenodon
Balearic Shrew
Chadwick Beach Cotton Mouse
Gould's Mouse
Falkland Island Wolf
Bali Tiger
Tasmanian Tiger
Japanese Wolf
Mexican Grizzly Bear
Sea Mink
Japanese Sea Lion
Caspian Tiger
Javan Tiger
Caribbean Monk Seal
Western Black Rhinoceros
Puerto Rican Flower Bat
Dusky Flying Fox
Broad-faced Potoroo
Lake Mackay Hare-Wallaby
Desert Rat-kangarooToolache Wallaby
Pig-footed Bandicoot
Red-bellied Gracile Opossum
Steller's Sea Cow
Oriente Cave Rat
Darling Downs Hopping Mouse
Long-Tailed Hopping Mouse
Pemberton's Deer Mouse
Big-eared Hopping Mouse
St Lucy Giant Rice Rat
Atlas Bear
Lesser Mascarene Flying Fox
Bubal Hartebeest
Madagascan Dwarf Hippopotamus
Red Gazelle
Canary Islands Giant Rat
Large Saint Helena Petrel
Newton's Parakeet
Cape Verde Giant Skink
Saddle-backed Mauritius Giant Tortoise
Rodrigues Giant Day Gecko
Round Island Burrowing Boa
Rodrigues Day Gecko
RĂ©union Giant Tortoise
Typhlops Cariei
Domed Mauritius Giant Tortoise
Pantanodon Madagascariensis
Ptychochromoides Itasy
Egyptian Barbary Sheep
Cape Lion
Barbary lion
Scimitar Oryx
Cave Bear
European Cave Lion
Elasmotherium
Maltese Hippopotamus
Tenerife Giant Rat
Steppe Rhinoceros
Eurasian Aurochs
Caucasian Moose
Caucasian Wisent
Majorcan Giant Dormouse
Sardinian Pika
Ratas Island Lizardani
Asiatic Lion
Gray Whale
Western European Lion
Falkland Island Wolf
Argentine Fox
Indefatigable Galapagos Mouse
Duane's Armadillo
Terror Birds
Darwin's Ground Finch
Red-throated Wood-rail
Sri Lanka Lion
Steppe Wisent
Cave lion
Giant Unicorn
Woolly Rhinoceros
Anthropocene
Indian Aurochs
Chinese Elephant
Northern Sumatran Rhinoceros
Java Tiger
Panay Giant Fruit Bat
Arabian Gazelle
Chinese River Dolphin (Baiji)
Asiatic Ostrich
Bonin Wood Pigeon
Western Koala
Desert Rat-kangaroo
White-footed Rabbit-Rat
Central Hare-Wallaby
Gastric-brooding Frog
Harlequin Lizard
Stewart Island Snipe
New Zealand Quail
South Island Piopio
Quagga
New Zealand Coot
Finsch's Duck
Bush Moa
Laughing Owl

Extinction of animals which occurred due to the forces of nature, was perhaps, inevitable. However, extinction which resulted from the reckless acts of humans, could have been stopped. The few number of animal species which we are left with now, have all reasons to be included in the list presented above, unless, we do something about it. Hunting, poaching, hunger to occupy more and more land, deforestation and many other factors have known to directly or indirectly, disrupt the existence of animals. But are we aware that every living creature on this Earth is a vital part of the ecosystem. The extinction of one species, directly affects the survival of other and the disruption does not stop there. It only spreads like a plague!..