The female workers also have a sub-group called soldiers which protect their fellow ants. Important facts about ants including the morphology, eating habits, etc., are presented here.
Some ants from the subterranean region cannot see at all; most of the species don't have a well-developed eyesight. They have 6 legs and all of these are attached to their trunk. Internal systems of the body are covered in a protective covering called an exoskeleton.
Here is some information which covers almost all about ants regarding aspects besides those related to their feeding habits:
- The worker ants are categorized in three groups based on their size which are major, median, and minor.
- The mounds built from sand and clay particles act as homes for the colonies. These mounds protect the ants from rains and other harsh climatic conditions.
- Not all ants build their house with dirt/sand. Some of them dig into wood, just like termites.
- The queens lay eggs for their whole life.
- The development and growth of a colony is dependent on the survival of the queen.
- Ants possess two pairs of jaws; one of these pairs is used for chewing while the other to carry food.
- Leafcutter is one of the types which are found in South and Central America and are known for their special abilities to cut leaves.
- The army ants continuously search for prey and are therefore, aggressive in nature.
- The life cycle of the ants is divided into four stages which are eggs, larvae, pupa, and adult.
- An ant can carry a load that is 20 times its own weight.
- Unlike the common ants which possess a mediocre vision, the Australian bulldog ants have developed eyesight.
- Ants resort to fighting in rare cases, however, it has been observed that if they get into fighting, the act (in most cases) ends with death.
- Ants don't have ears. These insects can feel the vibrations of approaching objects or living beings and act accordingly.
This write-up presents points that have all the information about ants ranging from anatomy, feeding habits to distribution. There is a lot to be known about these amazing creatures that are so small yet so highly evolved.