You'll Be Shocked to Know the Variety of Snakes Found in Florida

In this particular article, we shed light on some of the most common species of snakes found in Florida. The state has much more to offer besides the introduced species like Burmese pythons and Boa constrictors.
Florida, the south-eastern state of the US, is a haven for animals, thanks to the whole lot of favorable factors coming into play. Therefore, it shouldn't come as a surprise that it is home for over 40 species of snakes, including some species belonging to the Elapidae and Crotalidae families.

Common Snakes of Florida

Southern Copperhead
The southern copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix) is one of the many species found in South Florida―in and around Apalachicola river and western side of panhandle to be precise. It is lined with alternate crossbands of light brown and dark brown shades, has plate-like scales in front of eyes and on the head, and sports elliptical pupils, which are marked with slits similar to that of cats. All these features help in identification of the species. The species is known to attain a length of anywhere between 22 to 36 inches at full growth. River bottoms, stream beds, peripheries of swamps, and damp ravines are the areas where southern copperheads thrive.

Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Diamond-shaped pattern observed on the back of the species and the rattle at the end of its tail are the characteristic features of the eastern diamondback (Crotalus adamanteus). The species measures anywhere between 36 and 72 inches. Its body is covered with keeled scales, which have ridges on the surface. Its snout is marked with light vertical stripes, while dark stripes with a light-colored border are found on its head. The eastern diamondback rattlesnake is found in all parts of Florida, especially in areas with longleaf pines, pine flatwoods, sand pine scrubs, etc.

Eastern Coral Snake
The eastern coral snake (Micrurus fulvius) is marked with yellow, red, and black colored rings. Yellow rings are narrow, while black and red ones are broad. The average length of the species is between 20 to 30 inches. A part of its head, starting from tip to the eyes, is black in color. Scales present on its body are smooth. Unlike the southern copperhead, the eastern coral snake has round pupils. It is found throughout the state of Florida, with its habitat spanning border areas of swamps, wet hammocks, well-drained flatwoods, etc.

Boa Constrictor and Burmese Python
The Boa constrictor is not a native of Florida, but has made the state its home, as the climate here is quite similar to that of its native habitat in Central and South America. Similarly, the Burmese python (Python bivittatus), which is native of Southeast Asia, has also adapted to Florida, because of its ability to adapt to a wide range of conditions. In case you are wondering how the Southeast Asian species reached Florida, pet trade is to be blamed.

List of Snakes Found in Florida

Black Swamp Snake
Brahminy Blind Snake
Brown Snake
Brownchin Racer
Common Garter Snake
Common Kingsnake
Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake
Eastern Coachwhip
Eastern Hognose Snake
Eastern Indigo Snake
Eastern Racer
Eastern Ribbon Snake
Florida Crowned Snake
Glossy Crayfish Snake
Gray Rat Snake
Mole Kingsnake
Pine Snake
Pygmy Rattlesnake
Salt Marsh Snake
Southern Water Snake
Striped Crayfish Snake
Timber Rattlesnake

Snakebites

Pit vipers are responsible for 99 percent of the snakebites in the United States. Copperheads, rattlesnakes, and water moccasins are included in the family of pit vipers; all of which are found in the state of Florida. The eastern and western rattlesnakes account for 50 percent fatalities in the US. Of these two types, the eastern rattlesnake is found in Florida.

Identification of snakes is carried out by means of set parameters. Certain anatomical features found in snakes make it easy to identify them. Patterns like stripes, diamonds, crossbands, blotches, etc., are crucial in the identification process; so are the type of scales and color of skin.
Timber Rattlesnake
Eastern Brown snake
Red Bellied Black Snake on Reeds
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Southern Copperhead Coiled on a Stump
Common Garter Snake
Tricolor Reverse Honduran Milk Snake
Eastern Garter Snake
Young Eastern Brown Snake
Northwestern Garter Snake Coiled
Garter Snake