Standing 58 to 63 inches tall and 10 to 12 feet long, a black rhino weighs around 1700 to 3000 lb. It has 2 horns, made up of keratin, which have a huge demand in the International market. Poaching of this rhino, for its horns, is a lucrative business and has led to a drastic decline in its population.
Giant Sable Antelope
The giant sable antelope (Hippotragus niger variani) is a subspecies of the sable antelope. Native to Angola, it is most commonly found in the region between river Cuango and river Luando. It is 115 to 140 cm tall and weighs about 525 lb.
The male species are black in color, while the females are chestnut colored. They have white eyebrows. Giant sable antelopes are enlisted as critically endangered in the IUCN Red List.
In 2004-05, it was assumed that only 50 to 60 Asiatic cheetahs were left in the World, most of which were restricted to the Kavir desert in Iran. But projects like the Conservation of Asiatic Cheetah Project, a United Nations Development Program initiative, render some hope, that someday, this creature will be ticked out of endangered species list.
It is only found in the Karoo desert in Cape Province of South Africa.This limitation as far as habitat is concerned, may be the reason for the drop in the population of this animal to as low as 200 individuals in the wild.
Poaching and habitat depletion has led to a huge fall in their number, with only 400 of them surviving. But there has been a slow rise in their number, considering that only 150 to 200 creatures existed in 1963. More conservation measures are needed to ensure that this species does not become extinct in the near future.
The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a feline mammal, native to the Iberian peninsula in southern Europe. These creatures are 85 to 110 cm long and weigh up to 60 lb.
The pygmy hog (Porcula salvania) is an endangered species of wild pig native to India, Nepal, and Bhutan. They are 55 to 70 cm long, 20 to 30 cm tall, and weigh up to 22 lb. Today their number has declined to less than 150. Human encroachment is considered the most important reason for the drastic decline in their population.
The need of the hour is to implement conservation measures, like demarcating protected areas, curbing poaching, etc., so that there is less of human intervention in their surroundings. The list of endangered animals on the planet is growing with each passing year. If we don't act fast, we will lose all these animals forever.