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A List of Different Types of Barracuda Fish with Pictures

Types of Barracuda Fish
Owing to its beastly appearance and behavior, the barracuda fish is also known as the 'Tiger of the Sea'. There are more than twenty known species of this fish.
Shweta Ajwani
Last Updated: Aug 12, 2017
Similar but Different!
Except for a difference in the color and size, all types of barracuda fish have the same elongated appearance and are characterized by long, pointy, powerful jaws.
The barracuda may have gotten its name from the Spanish word barraco, that means 'overlapping tooth'. It is found in oceans all around the world, though its natural habitat includes coastal regions, which are comparatively warmer. However, it prefers a habitat that includes tropical and subtropical oceans where food is abundant. The number of barracuda fish found near coral reefs and ocean coasts is more than those found in deeper oceans.
The barracuda, a saltwater fish of the genus Sphyraena (one and only genus in the family Sphyraenidae), is a huge ray-finned fish, characterized by smooth scales and a long and narrow body. There are more than 20 known species of this genus. Some species like the Great Barracuda grow up to 7 feet long and 12 inches wide. All types of the barracuda fish are elongated and appear similar to a pike. They are sometimes also known as 'Sea Pikes'.
School of barracudas fish
The barracuda is a opportunistic feeder and a voracious nocturnal predator. It hunts its prey mostly at night by surprise and sudden bursts of attacks. It feeds primarily on different kinds of fish and other marine life. The adult barracuda exists solitarily (except during the mating season). Young barracuda fish exist in groups called a 'school of barracudas', or a 'battery of barracudas'.
Scientific Classification of Barracuda
Kingdom :- Animalia
Phylum :- Chordata
Class :- Actinopterygii
Order :- Perciformes
Family :- Sphyraenidae
Genus :- Sphyraena
Types of Barracuda Fish
Great Barracuda
Great Barracuda
Sphyraena barracuda
Yellowtail Barracuda
Yellowtail Barracuda
Sphyraena flavicauda
Blackfin Barracuda
Blackfin Barracuda
Sphyraena qenie
Yellowmouth Barracuda
Yellowmouth Barracuda
Sphyraena viridensis
Mexican Barracuda
Mexican Barracuda
Sphyraena ensis
Other Types of Barracuda Fish
Common Name Vs Scientific Name
Australian Barracuda -Sphyraena novaehollandiae

Bigeye Barracuda - Sphyraena forsteri

European Barracuda - Sphyraena sphyraena

Guachanche Barracuda - Sphyraena guachancho

Guinean Barracuda - Sphyraena afra

Heller's Barracuda - Sphyraena helleri
Japanese Barracuda - Sphyraena japonica

Lucas Barracuda - Sphyraena lucasana

Northern Sennet - Sphyraena borealis

Obtuse Barracuda - Sphyraena obtusata

Pacific Barracuda - Sphyraena argentea

Pelican Barracuda - Sphyraena idiastes
Pickhandle Barracuda - Sphyraena jello

Red Barracuda - Sphyraena pinguis

Sawtooth Barracuda - Sphyraena putnamae

Sharpfin Barracuda - Sphyraena acutipinnis

Southern Sennet - Sphyraena picudilla

Yellowstripe Barracuda - Sphyraena chrysotaenia
NA - Sphyraena iburiensis

NA - Sphyraena intermedia

NA - Sphyraena tome

NA - Sphyraena waitii
A barracuda fish is considered one of the most dangerous predators underwater. Its strong jaw and a peculiar placement of its teeth, facing forward and backward, prevents its prey from escaping its strong and painful hold. This is one fish snorkelers and deep-sea divers need to be careful of.