The civilization of human being started with making houses and colonies. Then they thought of keeping some animals in order to fulfill their basic needs. This gave rise to animal husbandry and human beings started keeping animals which were beneficial in terms of meat, milk, transportation, companionship and other benefits. This is the reason behind the huge farm animals list. Different farm animals fulfill different purpose, hence the list given in this article will help you to understand which animals are used for what purpose.
Types of Farm Animals
Different farm animals serve different purposes. They can be segregated into dairy animals, poultry animals, meat producing animals, and animals used for transportation. Dairy animals include cow, buffalo, goat, etc. They can be found in almost all parts of the world. Poultry animals are the chicken, turkey, ducks, etc. Poultry animals are always high in demand because of their tasty meat products which are also known for their various health benefits. Some farm animals like horse, donkey, yak, llama are used for transportation. Apart from this, farm animals like dogs and cats make a great companion. Dog is best known for being faithful, loving and sincere towards their master. They can be trained easily and trusted. There are many other animals also which are included in the farm animal list. Just have a look!
List of Farm Animals
|Alpaca||milk, transportation, fiber, meat|
|Buffalo||muscle, meat, milk|
|Banteng||meat, milk, muscle|
|Cow||meat, milk, leather, muscle, soil fertilization|
|Cat||eating mice, meat, companionship|
|Chicken||meat, eggs and feathers|
|Camel||meat, dairy, transportation, leather|
|Donkey||transportation, muscle, meat|
|Dog||hunting, shepherding, herding, companionship, meat|
|Guinea pig||meat, companionship|
|Goose||feathers, meat, eggs|
|Honey Bee||honey, wax, pollination|
|Llama||transportation, muscle, meat|
|Pig||meat, leather, companionship|
|Rhea||meat, eggs, oil|
|Sheep||wool, meat, milk, leather, vellum|
|Yak||milk, muscle, meat, wool|
|Zebu||meat, milk, leather, muscle, soil fertilization|
Hybrid Farm Animals
There are many breeds in one species, for example, there are over 800 breeds of cattle. All are used for same purpose but there are some genetic differences in their breed which differentiates them from one another. This change may be due to the environmental factors or some other factors. Similarly all the farm animals have many different types of breed. Pure breed of farm animals are no doubt beneficial but there are many hybrids available of animals which perform better than the pure breeds. Genetically isolated breeds are crossed to get a hybrid which is expected to perform better than the original breeds. This is the basic idea behind the hybrid animals. Two normal breeds can form an extraordinary breed. These types of experiments are always done in the laboratory and maximum times, the product shows greater performance as it gets the genetic qualities of both the breeds. There are numerous hybrids which perform better than the original once. Not only in farm animals but you can get hybrid animals in almost all the species. To get a better idea of hybrid farm animals following is a short list of hybrid farm animals.
|Hybrid Animal||Crossed Between|
|Beefalo||American bison and a domestic cow|
|Botswana||Sheep and Goat|
|Black Rock chicken||Rhode Island Red and Barred Plymouth Rock|
|Mule||Female horse and male donkey|
|Yakow or Dzo||Domestic cow/bull and a yak|
|Yakalo||Yak and buffalo|
|Żubroń||Cattle and wisent|
So, now you know about the farm animals list and some of their hybrids. I hope, the above given list of farm animals has helped you to know about the animals included in it. So, save this list as it will help your kids to understand which farm animal is used for what purpose.