Types of Spiders

Types of Spiders

The information about different types of spiders is provided in the form of tables in this article.
AnimalSake Staff
Spiders are arthropods having eight legs and come under the class Arachnida. They are classified into many different types and there are around 40,000 species categorized in 109 families. Unlike other insect species, spiders do not possess antennae. Their limbs do not have extensor muscles. The extension of limbs takes place by means of hydraulic pressure. Spinnerets are the glands present at the abdominal tips of spiders. These glands help spiders in spinning webs.
Different Types of Spiders
Spiders are classified mainly into 2 groups i.e. Mygalomorphs  and Araneomorphs. Mygalomorphs are primitive forms having 4 book lungs, while Araneomorphs are true spiders with 2 book lungs. The examples of Mygalomorphs are tunnelweb and tarantula spiders. Orbweb and hunting spiders belong to the Araneomorph category.
Mygalomorphs
The list included in the Mygalomorph suborder is presented below
Dwarf Tarantulas Wafer Trapdoor Spiders
Funnel-web Tarantulas Tree Trapdoor Spiders
Venomous Funnel-web Tarantulas Cork-lid Trapdoor Spiders
Trapdoor Baboon Spiders Baldlegged Spiders
Purse Web Spiders Trapdoor Baboon Spiders
Araneomorphs
Lampshade Spiders Crevice Weavers
Large-clawed Spiders False Violin Spiders
Crevice Weavers Spitting Spiders
Leptonetid Spiders Recluse Spiders
Long-legged Cave Spiders Midget Ground Weavers
Daddy Long-legs Spiders Coneweb Spiders
Armored Spiders Plectreurid Spiders
Dwarf Hunting Spiders Woodlouse Hunter Spiders
Velvet Spiders Tubeweb Spiders
Disc Web Spiders Tree Trunk Spiders
Pelican Spiders Shield Spiders
Palp-footed Spiders Net-casting Spiders
Pirate Spiders Orb-weaver Spiders
Hackled Orb-Weaver Spurred Orb-Weavers
Dwarf/Money Spiders Dwarf Orb-weavers
Large-jawed Spiders Long Jawed Orb-Weavers
Ray Spiders Cobweb Spiders
Wolf Spiders Tropical Wolf Spiders
Nursery Web Spiders Lynx Spiders
Zoropsid Spiders Zorocratid Spiders
Tangled Nest Spiders Araneomorph Funnel-web Spiders
Intertidal Spiders Anyphaenid Sac Spiders
Dwarf Sheet Spiders Dictynid Spiders
Wall Spiders Huntsman Spiders
Tengellid Spiders Zodariid Ground Spiders
Long-legged Sac Spiders Sac Spiders
Flat-bellied Ground Spiders Titanoecid Spiders
Long-spinneret Ground Spiders White-tailed Spiders
Crab Spiders Philodromid Crab Spiders
Liocranid Sac Spiders Dark Sac Spiders
Types of House Spiders
Out of the 2,500 spider species found in North America, only a few are house dwellers. The information about common spiders found in houses is presented below.
Common House Spider
This spider is generally found on ceilings in the house. The common house spider bites on rare occasions. However, it is not poisonous. Even if this creature bites, complications like blisters, lesions, etc. do not occur.
Brown Recluse
The brown recluse spider is a nocturnal creature and hides in bags, boxes, folds of blankets, clothing, etc. The bite of this spider injects toxic venom into the body. One should therefore consult a doctor immediately.
Jumping Spider
This spider usually enters the house in the cold season. Instead of waiting for its prey to get trapped in the web, it pounces or jumps on it. The specialty of this spider is that among all spiders, its eyesight is the best.
Long-legged Cellar Spider
The long-legged cellar spider is generally found hanging from webs in corners. This spider's way of defending itself is to vibrate its body rapidly. It is not poisonous and its frequency of biting is very low.
Sac Spider
The sac spider does not weave webs and searches for spaces to hide instead. Its bite is painful, however, it is not as harmful as that of the brown recluse. Antibiotics need to be used to cure the infection resulting from the bite.
The list of types of spiders presented above includes various spider species from the Mygalomorph and Araneomorph sub orders. The characteristics/features of common types of house spiders too are explained in short. Thus, one gets a rough idea of the classification of spiders.