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African Antelope Species

African Antelope Species

A list of antelope species found in Africa which will give you an insight of the biodiversity that this continent boasts of.
Abhijit Naik
Last Updated: Jan 30, 2018
When we talk about African wildlife, we often picture a cheetah chasing a gazelle in the vast open Savannah grasslands. Basically, Africa is home to several species of antelopes, including gazelles. In fact, there are four different species of gazelles in Africa, all of which come together to form genus Gazella. African continent is home to more than 70 species of antelopes belonging to 24 different genera; that in itself speaks volumes about the biodiversity of this continent.
Facts About Antelopes

As the term 'antelope' doesn't have a taxonomic definition, it is used to refer to all the members of family Bovidae, excluding sheep, goats, and cattle. Only a few species of antelopes are found in Asia, while most of the 91 extant species inhabiting the planet are native to the continent of Africa alone. While we often associate antelopes with open grasslands like the Savannah, there also exist forest-dwelling antelopes (such as Lowland Bongo and Black Duiker), desert-dwelling antelopes (such as the Arabian Oryx and Addax), and mountain-dwelling antelopes (such as the Mountain Bongo and Klipspringer).
It may come as a surprise for many, but the Sitatunga antelope native to Africa is considered a semi-aquatic species as it spends hours in waterholes. It is the ignorance of such antelope facts, along with the inability of scientists to come up with proper classification of tribes or subfamilies within Bovidae family, that has resulted in widespread confusion about the different types of antelopes in the world.
African Antelope Species

More than 70 different species of antelopes on the planet are found in various regions of Africa. The diversity in antelope species of Africa is aptly highlighted by the stark contrast in the appearance of the smallest and largest species. On one hand, we have the Dik Dik, which measures 20 - 28 inches from snout to tail and weighs less than 16 lb, and on the other, there is the Common Eland, which has the distinction of being the largest antelope in Africa, measuring 79 - 110 inches from snout to tail and weighing a whopping 1000 lb. In between these two, lie several other species; some of which inhabit the dense forests, while some inhabit dry deserts and mountainous regions. Given below is the list of antelopes which has a prominent share in the African animals' list. (The scientific names given alongside will help you differentiate between two types.)
Genus Cephalophus
Abbott's Duiker (Cephalophus spadix)
Ader's Duiker (Cephalophus adersi)
Bay Duiker (Cephalophus dorsalis)
Black Duiker (Cephalophus niger)
Black-fronted Duiker (Cephalophus nigrifrons)
Brooke's Duiker (Cephalophus brookei)
Harvey's Duiker (Cephalophus harveyi)
Jentink's Duiker (Cephalophus jentinki)
Ogilby's Duiker (Cephalophus ogilbyi)
Peters's Duiker (Cephalophus callipygus)
Red-flanked Duiker (Cephalophus rufilatus)
Red Forest Duiker (Cephalophus natalensis)
Ruwenzori Duiker (Cephalophus rubidis)
Weyns's Duiker (Cephalophus weynsi)
White-bellied Duiker (Cephalophus leucogaster)
Yellow-backed Duiker (Cephalophus sylvicultor)
Zebra Duiker (Cephalophus zebra)
Genus Tragelaphus
Bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus)
Greater Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros)
Bushbuck (Tragelaphus sylvaticus)
Kéwel (Tragelaphus scriptus)
Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis)
Mountain Nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni)
Nyala (Tragelaphus angasii)
Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekeii)
Genus Kobus
Upemba Lechwe (Kobus anselli)
Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus)
Kob (Kobus kob)
Lechwe (Kobus leche)
Nile Lechwe (Kobus megaceros)
Puku (Kobus vardonii)
Genus Oryx
Scimitar Oryx (Oryx dammah)
Gemsbok (Oryx gazella)
East African Oryx (Oryx beisa)
Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx)
Genus Madoqua
Günther's Dik-dik (Madoqua guntheri)
Kirk's Dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii)
Silver Dik-dik (Madoqua piacentinii)
Salt's Dik-dik (Madoqua saltiana)
Genus Gazella
Cuvier's Gazelle (Gazella cuvieri)
Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas)
Slender-horned Gazelle (Gazella leptoceros)
Speke's Gazelle (Gazella spekei)
Genus Neotragus
Bates's Pygmy Antelope (Neotragus batesi)
Suni (Neotragus moschatus)
Royal Antelope (Neotragus pygmaeus)
Genus Raphicerus
Southern Grysbok (Raphicerus melanotis)
Northern Grysbok (Raphicerus sharpei)
Steenbok (Raphicerus campestris)
Genus Nanger
Dama Gazelle (Nanger dama)
Grant's Gazelle (Nanger granti)
Soemmerring's Gazelle (Nanger soemmerringii)
Genus Philantomba
Blue Duiker (Philantomba monticola)
Maxwell's Duiker (Philantomba maxwellii)
Walter's Duiker (Philantomba walteri)
Genus Eudorcas
Mongalla Gazelle (Eudorcas albonotata)
Red-fronted Gazelle (Eudorcas rufrifrons)
Thomson's Gazelle (Eudorcas thomsoni)
Genus Redunca
Southern Reedbuck (Redunca arundinum)
Mountain Reedbuck (Redunca fulvorufula)
Bohor Reedbuck (Redunca redunca)
Genus Hippotragus
Roan Antelope (Hippotragus equinus)
Sable Antelope (Hippotragus niger)
Genus Taurotragus
Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx)
Giant Eland (Taurotragus derbianus)
Genus Antidorcas
Springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis)
Genus Ourebia
Oribi (Ourebia ourebi)
Genus Oreotragus
Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus)
Genus Dorcatragus
Beira (Dorcatragus megalotis)
Genus Litocranius
Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri)
Genus Ammodorcas
Dibatag (Ammodorcas clarkei)
Genus Pelea
Grey Rhebok (Pelea capreolus)
Genus Sylvicapra
Common Duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia)
Genus Addax
Addax (Addax nasomaculatus)
Genus Aepyceros
Impala (Aepyceros melampus)

Like various other animals found on the planet, even antelopes have been on the human radar for all the wrong reasons. The Saiga antelope, for instance, is hunted extensively for its horns which are believed to have aphrodisiac properties. Poaching and human encroachment have brought about a significant decline in antelope population of Africa. Several species, which feature in the list above, are fighting for their basic survival. In fact, many of these antelopes are already featuring in the list of endangered animals compiled by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). If wildlife conservation measures are not implemented soon, it won't be long before we find the names of these antelopes in the Red List―the list of extinct animals compiled by the IUCN.
Two Wild Male Puku
Antelope In Nature Ready To Run
Large Antelopes
Impala In Uganda
Blackbuck Antelope
Sprinting Impala