Not all rainforests are tropical. Temperate rainforests are a cooler, less wet variant of rainforests. Continue reading this AnimalSake article to learn more about their fauna species.
A rainforest is a forest of thick and lush vegetation, with a high rate of rainfall. There are 2 main types of rainforests, tropical and temperate. Tropical rainforests are the major number of rainforests present on Earth. They are located north and south of the equator between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, and receive abundant, year-round rainfall. But temperate rainforests are located in different regions, and have a vastly different flora and fauna population, as compared to the plants and animals of the tropical rainforests. In this AnimalSake article, we look at temperate rainforests in detail, their habitats and facts, along with the temperate rainforest animals list.
➺ Geographical coordinates: Between 38-56 degrees South and 38-61 degrees North latitude
➺ Annual precipitation rate: 200 – 400 cm (2000 mm, 80 inches)
➺ Coverage area: 75 million acres on Earth
➺ Annual average temperature: 4 – 12 degrees Celsius
➺ Climate: Cool and mild, 1 long, rainy season, 1 short, dry season, mist and fog prevail, damp atmosphere
➺ Vegetation: Shady and tall trees like conifers, moss, lichens, ferns, shrubs
➺ Soil: Rich and organic, largest biomass of any biome
➺ United States and Canada west coasts
➺ Appalachian Forests of Eastern U.S.
➺ Magellanic and Valdivian forests of South America
➺ Knysna-Amatole forests of South Africa
➺ Colchian rainforests of Turkey and Georgia
➺ British Woodlands
➺ Rainforests of Iran and Azerbaijan
➺ Taiwan’s mountain rainforests
➺ Taiheiyo (Pacific) rainforests of Japan
➺ Australian and New Zealand rainforests
Temperate Rainforest Animals of America
In the South Americas, the rainforest vegetation is mixed, with some broadleaf trees. The North American vegetation is more coniferous, with some amount of broadleaf species. Trees like Redwood, Sitka Spruce, and Pine are present. These forests are the largest temperate rainforests in the world. What animals live in the temperate rainforests of America?
List of Animals in the Temperate Rainforests – Europe
The European vegetation is highly diverse. Conifers like spruce and pine, thick trees like ask, maple, and oak, are the dominant species.
Temperate Rainforest Animals of Asia
Asian temperate rainforests are characterized by a high growth of epiphytes (small plants that grow on trees), and many giant and tall shady trees, mainly broadleaf.
List of Animals in the Temperate Rainforests: Australia and New Zealand
The vegetation here is fern and mosses, with many shrub varieties. There is little threat of bush fires, as the climate does not allow for it.
About 55% of the Earth’s temperate rainforests area has been destroyed. Though temperate rainforests heal and grow quicker than tropical rainforests, this rapid rate of destruction has made them more endangered than tropical rainforests. There were temperate rainforests in Iceland and other areas of Europe, like Norway, Ireland, and Scotland, but deforestation led to their eradication.